Diabetes is a disease with condition where your pancreas cannot produce insulin or, even if it can produce insulin, your body cannot use it for good. As we all know, insulin is the main hormone in pancreas that will help glucose from the food you eat getting into your body cells. When insulin isn’t produced in pancreas or cannot be used effectively, your glucose level will be raised in your blood. For a long term, it will bring other chronic diseases and damage the organs in your body.

There are actually 3 types of diabetes that you must know:

1. Type 1 diabetes.

This is a condition where your body cannot produce insulin or in very little amount. So you need insulin injection daily to control your blood glucose level.

2. Type 2 diabetes

This is a condition where your body can produce insulin but cannot use it for good. Commonly, people with type 2 diabetes need drugs or insulin to keep the blood glucose level.

3. Gestational diabetes

This is a condition of high blood glucose level for pregnant woman and it usually causes complication for both mother and child.

Some people maybe do not know that diabetes has different types. Whereas, knowing exactly the type of diabetes will increase the possibility for its proper treatment.  Even a diabetes educator and author of Think Like a Pancreas book, Gary Scheiner, made an analogy of type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes as apple and tractor since they are really different.

Below are 5 differences of type 1 and type 2 diabetes

1. The Cause

Type 1 diabetes is caused by autoimmune reaction where the cells that produce insulin is attacked by your body’s defence system, so the pancreas produces very little or no insulin at all. No one knows what makes this condition. However, if one of your family member has type 1 diabetes, then the risk of the disease to develop is increasing.

Compared to type 1, type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance where it cannot properly work, causing the increase of blood glucose levels and releasing more insulin. For some people, it will result in producing less insulin and higher level of blood sugar.

2. The Treatment

Insulin consumption is a must for type 1 diabetes treatment. While for type 2 diabetes, the treatment is more varied.

Type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin, so they have to get daily insulin injection or even use the insulin pumps attached to their bodies. Without insulin, it will be dangerous.

Type 2 diabetes has more treatment options. You can monitor your diet and do exercise to lose weight. Take a medication is also an option to support the body for lower blood sugar levels. For extreme condition, insulin injection will be the last option of treatment.

3. The Level of Blood Sugar

Type 1 diabetes commonly has low blood sugar level, while type 2 has high blood sugar level.

High blood sugar level is not good, but the very low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) is more dangerous because it will cause dizziness, weakness, and trembling. In severe cases, this can make you faint and even threaten life.

People with type 1 diabetes need to carefully calculate the insulin amount that they consume daily based on activity level and food intake. It is not easy. More or less calculation, it can cause extreme change of blood sugar level.  

4. The Food Intake

Eating sweets may be more risky if you have type 2 diabetes, while people with type 1 diabetes can eat whatever they want as long as it matches their insulin dose.

Scheiner said that if you plan to go to a birthday party, you just have to consume more insulin to fight the sugar attack from the cake. But if you have type 2 diabetes, you may need to be less careful of food. Most people with type 2 don’t take insulin and that means the body can’t easily cope with what you eat. Type 2 diabetes is also closely related to obesity and consumption of many sweet foods can easily lead to weight gain.

5. The Patient Age

Type 1 is usually diagnosed in children while type 2 tends to attack older people. Although type 1 has the possibility to develop in adults, it is commonly found mostly in children. On the other hand, type 2 is more likely to occur as you get older.  Your risk increases after the age of 45.

Although these two types of diabetes have several differences, both type 1 and type 2 diabetes also have big possibility to cause complication in your body like blindness, amputation and even kidney failure.

For people with type 1 diabetes, they can control the blood sugar level by maintaining the insulin injection daily. But for people with type 2 diabetes, they must do diet and exercise to maintain the blood sugar level.

Some programs have the treatment guide for type 2 diabetes. One of the most interesting programs for this kind of disease is Diabetes Freedom that will guide you to do 3 steps of treatment process. We have provided the review for this product so we hope it will make you understand how the treatment works and cure your type 2 diabetes.