One of the most important things that shows a person has diabetes or not is their blood sugar level. People commonly check their blood sugar once and, if the results are classified as high, you cannot directly be called diabetes since this condition must be confirmed again with various other medical tests. However, it is possible that, at that time, you risk prediabetes. Someone who has prediabetes may develop diabetes later. So, to not develop diabetes, you also must know first what the risk factors are for someone who is experiencing prediabetes.
Blood sugar levels when exposed to prediabetes
Prediabetes is a condition when blood sugar levels are more than normal but not as high as when a person has diabetes.
A person with prediabetes is usually characterized by a condition of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or impaired fasting glucose (IFG). To find out if you experience IGT or IFG, you must do a series of blood tests first. So in the beginning, the doctor will ask you to fast for 8 hours. After that, your doctor will take a blood sample and measure your fasting blood sugar (FG).
After knowing how much the value of FG, you will be asked to drink a liquid containing 75 grams of glucose. Then, the blood test will be done again after 2 hours the solution is taken. This test is performed to determine the value of oral glucose tolerance (OGT). Normally, blood sugar levels is less than 100 mg/dL and oral glucose tolerance is less than 140 mg/dL.
If your test results show a normal IGT value but with OGT level of 140 to 199 mg/dL, it means your glucose tolerance is impaired (IGT). This condition also indicates that you have prediabetes.
The prediabetes condition also occurs when the OGT level is normal while the FG value is 100 to 125 mg/dL. These conditions indicate that your fasting blood sugar regulation is impaired (IFG). Therefore, you have prediabetes.
If this happens, you should immediately consult a doctor to get further treatment so you can still prevent diabetes.
What causes prediabetes to occur?
In this case, risk factors can be divided into two categories; factors that cannot be changed or controlled and factors that can still be changed. Below is the explanation of prediabetes risk factors.
Risk Factors for Prediabetes that cannot be Changed
As we get older, a person’s chances for developing prediabetes increases. Some cases of prediabetes are found in people over the age of 40 or 45 years.
2. Descendants and family members
The other prediabetes factor is the family’s descentants. If you have a family member with direct blood relations with diabetes, your risk of developing prediabetes is also higher.
3. Gestational diabetes
If a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes, the chances of both the mother and baby having the prediabetes is higher. In addition, if you give birth to a baby weighing more than 4.1 kg, you are also at risk of developing prediabetes.
Although until now there has been no research that explains it, people from African-American, Hispanic, Native American, Asian-American, and Pacific Islander racial groups tend to be more prone to prediabetes.
Risk Factors for Prediabetes that can be Changed
Fortunately, there are still various factors that you can control. By focusing on the factors below, your chances of developing prediabetes will go down.
1. Excessive levels of fat in the body
The body with excessive fat content has the potential to suffer from prediabetes. You can change this situation by going on a diet as directed by your doctor and exercising regularly.
Excessive intake of sugar and fat into the body also increases the risk of your prediabetes. Therefore, replace your menu with foods that are healthier and more nutritious.
You are strongly advised to add fruits, vegetables, and whole grains to your daily diet. Avoid drinking that is too sweet, cakes, candy, or chocolate.
3. Not actively moving
Another risk factor for prediabetes is the lack of activity carried out by the body. Therefore, make it a habit to move every day. No need to exercise too heavily. You can start by walking fast for 30 minutes every day.
Stress cannot only lead to problems with sugar levels, but also affect your overall health condition. Therefore, manage your mind and body well, so that the stress can be minimized. You can also consult a doctor to help overcoming your stress problem.
Toxic substances in cigarettes can affect the work of the body’s organs and insulin production in the body, so the chance of getting prediabetes is greater. For the sake of your body’s health, you should avoid smoking.
6. Drink alcohol
Excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages can also be a risk factor for prediabetes. Alcohol causes inflammation of the pancreas and affects insulin production. It’s a good idea to start reducing your drinking habits or you better stop completely.