Diabetes has many risk factors and it depends on its type.
Risk factors for diabetes type 1
Even though precise reason of type 1 diabetes is unclear, factors that may suggest a higher risk are including:
- The history of the family. Your risk goes up if your family member has type 1 diabetes.
- Environmental factors. Situations such as susceptibility to viral disease are likely to play a role in type 1 diabetes.
- Involvement of dangerous immune cells (autoantibodies). Often relatives of people with diabetes type 1 are examined for the existence of autoantibodies to diabetes. If you already have such autoantibodies, you are at an elevated risk of getting type 1 diabetes. Not everyone has such autoantibodies gets diabetes, however.
- Geography. Some countries like Sweden and Finland have higher percentages of type 1 diabetes.
Health risks for pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes
Scientists don’t completely understand why certain people are developing pre-diabetes type 2 diabetes, but others don’t. It is obvious, however, that these factors raise the risk, including:
- Weight. The much more fatty tissues you have, the more resilient the cells also become to insulin.
- Inaction. The more less activity you are, the higher the risk you have. Physical exercise helps to regulate your weight, uses glucose for energy, and helps your bodies more insulin-sensitive.
- The history of the family. Your risk goes up if your family member have type 2 diabetes.
- Ethnic or race. However it’s not clear why some persons Hispanic, Black, Asian Americans and American Indian —are at significant risk.
- Age of individual. The risk is growing as you grow older. That might be because, as the age, you appear to less exercise, decrease muscle mass, and get more weight. However, type 2 diabetes seems to be on the rise among adolescents, teenagers and younger people.
- Gestational diabetes . If you had gestational diabetes once you were pregnant, the chance of developing pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes rises. If you have given birth to a child carrying over 9 pounds (4 kg), you are also at risk for type 2 diabetes.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome. In women, getting polycystic ovarian syndrome—a common disorder marked by abnormal menstrual cycles, excessive hair growth and obesity— increases the chance of diabetes.
- Blood pressure. Getting blood pressure higher than 140/90 mm Hg is associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes.
- Abnormal amounts of cholesterol and triglycerides. If you do have lower levels of HDL or ‘healthy’ cholesterol, the chance of type 2 diabetes is increased. Triglyceride levels are also another form of blood-borne fat. Individuals with higher triglyceride levels are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes. Your doctor may tell you what your triglyceride and cholesterol levels are.
Factors increase the risk of gestational diabetes
Pregnant women can experience gestational diabetes. Some women have higher risk. As you may know, the risk factors of gestational diabetes are:
- Age. Women over 25 years of age are at greater risk.
- Family history or personal background. Your risk goes up if you already have prediabetes—a precursor to type 2 diabetes—or if a close member of the family, including a parent or a child, does have type 2 diabetes. You are also at higher risk if you really had gestational diabetes in your previous pregnancy, if you had a really big baby or when you had unexplained stillbirth.
- Weight. Obesity before pregnancy raises the risk.
- Ethnic or race. Women from Hispanic, Black, Asian American or American Indian are more likely to experience gestational diabetes for reasons that are not clear.